- Zone 4 – very hardy.
- Grows well in full sun. Does not like shade.
- Prefers deep moist well drained soil but will grow in a wide range of soils; drought tolerant.
- A beautiful feature tree, excellent for shelter belts. Narrow pyramidal in youth; irregular crown with age; numerous short branches; drops lower branches. 5 to 10″ rigid, curved needles in bundles of 3; dark green to yellowish green. 3 to 6″ cones; single or in clusters of 3 to 5; light reddish brown.
- Grows up to 18 metres + ( 60 – 100 feet) tall and 25 – 30 feet wide.